PreK-12 Federal Funding Resources

A Guide to Key Federal Funding Programs for In-Person, Hybrid and Virtual Learning

How can federal funding support your critical education needs?

  • Federal funding can help in areas such as:
  • Technology (Broadband/WiFi, device accessibility)
  • English learners (ELs)
  • Literacy/reading skills
  • Professional development and teacher training
  • Special needs and children with disabilities
  • Extended Day/School Year
  • Distance and hybrid learning
  • Educational equity
  • Family engagement
  • Social emotional learning (SEL)
  • Learning loss
  • Afterschool Programs
  • Priority or low-income students
  • Ending racial injustice in education
  • Software purchases
  • Culturally-driven curriculums
  • Summer Learning

Federal Funding Snapshot

The federal government provides funding to schools through its primary agency, the U.S. Department of Education (USDOE).

The main sources of federal education funding programs for States and school communities and the principal purpose of each program are:

1. Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA)
Helps schools with economically disadvantaged students

2. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
Supports children with disabilities

3. Emergency/Critical Needs
Relief stimulus packages to support a variety of urgent needs

Federal funding comes from two kinds of grants, and different rules govern how the funds may be spent:

• Formula grants
Determined by Congress; allocated to states, then funds are granted to school communities

• Discretionary grants
Awarded using a competitive grant application process for states and school communities

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