9 Events of Instruction Infographic

Robert Gagne’s Instruction Design Model; “The Nine Events of Instruction”

According to Robert Gagne, there are nine events that activate processes needed for effective learning.

Instructional Design Model

  • Gagne created a nine-step process called The Events of Instruction
  • The events of instruction are related to the learning process
  • The events of instruction lead to various learning outcomes
  • The events of instruction support the internal processes of learning


Robert Gagne’s Instruction Design Model; “The Nine Events of Instructions” from Christopher Pappas

Step 1: Gain Attention

  • Capture the attention of those learning (animated tutorial)
  • Stimuli that ensure reception of coming instruction

Step 2: Inform Learner of Objectives

  • Internal process of expectancy
  • List of learning objectives
  • Level of expectation for learning
  • What will the learner be able to perform after the instruction?
  • Motivate the learner to complete the lesson.

Step 3: Stimulate Recall of Prior Learning

  • Recall of existing, relevant knowledge
  • Retrieval to working, short-term memory
  • Previous experience, previous concepts
  • Correlate new information with prior knowledge

Step 4: Present Stimulus Material

  • Display the content
  • Pattern recognition; selective perception
  • New content (chunked, explained, then demonstrated)
  • Multimedia (audio, video, graphics)

Step 5: Provide Learner Guidance

  • Guidance on the new content
  • Chunking, rehearsal, encoding
  • Assist learners in order to encode information for long-term storage
  • Guidance strategies (case studies, examples, mnemonics)

Step 6: Elicit Performance

  • Practice (new skills or behavior)
  • Confirm correct understanding
  • Demonstrating learning
  • Retrieval, responding

Step 7: Provide Feedback

  • Specific, immediate feedback on learner's performance
  • Reinforcement, error correction

Step 8: Assess Performance

  • Post-test, final assessment
  • No additional coaching; feedback
  • Mastery of material

Step 9: Enhance Retention and Transfer

  • Determine whether or not the skills were learned
  • Apply the skills that were learned
  • Retention, retrieval, generalization
Via: http://flirtingwelearning.wordpress.com/2013/01/13/infographic-instructional-design-model-gagnes-9-events-of-instruction/
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